Doctors can deduce a lot of information on the progress of the pregnancy with a simple Ultrasound Scan. Using ultrasound waves, any abnormalities in the fetus can be determined. Depending on the procedure, the testing may be transabdominal (performed by passing through the abdominal wall) or transvaginal (performed by passing across the vaginal wall). We recommend two major ultrasound examinations during the pregnancy period - First Trimester Nuchal Translucency Scan and Detailed Anatomy Ultrasound or Detailed Scan (which might include Fetal Echocardiography).
Performed between 11 weeks and one day until 14 weeks of pregnancy, the first trimester includes nuchal translucency scan which uses special ultrasound waves to check the accumulation of fluid in the baby’s neck and this also includes the assessment of the fetal nasal bone and the blood flow.
The NT can be an indicator for the risk of cardiac defect, chromosomal abnormality or other genetic disorder in the fetus. The test also requires blood samples to measure the levels of plasma protein and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG), and two maternal hormones called pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPPA).
Our physicians and sonographers are certified NT specialists in Fetal medicine Foundation
The sonographer will look at your baby’s organs and body structures in more detail compared to the basic ultrasound scan done in the first trimester. A detailed scan is best performed when you are in 18 to 24 weeks of pregnancy. During this scan, we look in detail at the baby’s brain, face, spine heart, lungs, diaphragm, anterior abdominal wall, kidneys, liver, stomach, bowels, urinary bladder, and lower and upper limbs. Fetal weight, placenta and amniotic fluid, as well as the cervix, are also evaluated during this scan.
In case abnormalities are detected during this scan, it is advisable to go for further tests, particularly a genetic amniocentesis to diagnose or rule out the increased risk of chromosomal abnormalities, and to seek additional expert medical or surgical consultations like a pediatric cardiologist, geneticist, neonatologist surgeon, to learn more about the condition and its optimal plan of management after delivery.